That is why the central part of the project is the design of the square and the garden. Thanks to festivals, concerts, the latter will create prospects for the development of tourism, agriculture, the organization of healthy nutrition for citizens and the expansion of production. In the long run, the park and the dome with their bright appearance can take on the role of a kind of catalyst in organizing a wide public services sector.
The territory of the Arabkir department store, small retail outlets, as well as unused and unfinished structures that were designed and built in 2002 were dismantled in the spring of 2020, according to a new, approved master plan.
All types of premises, service areas of the multifunctional center will be concentrated under one roof, providing a convenient environment for organizing pastimes, food outlets, exhibitions, retail outlets, as well as for organizing leisure and development areas for children and adolescents.
Analyzing the urban planning environment – mainly quadrangular, prism-shaped, vertical and horizontal structures, the authors considered it appropriate to confront, soften, glide the surface, apply a spherical spatial-volumetric composition of double curvature. The principles of contemporary parametric modeling used to create the above composition made it possible to create a modern and expressive, a single large stroke, well-organized both external and internal environment in the stylized form of a traditional Armenian dragon. The building rises above the hill, at the end of the Northern Ray becoming a kind of a symbol of the community of Arabkir and Yerevan as a whole.
In the concept of the Northern axis, it is presented as a manifestation of the collective unconscious memory of the Armenian people, as a symbol of wisdom and strength, the legendary vital energy. The word “vishap” translates as “a dragon,” but the European dragon is a winged serpent that spews flames. Vishap in Armenian means “a big mythical fish or a snake.”
It is known that the “vishap” has been a totem of the Armenian people since the ancient times. The vishaps are common in the Armenian mythology. Vishaps were originally deities or water spirits depicted as fish. It is also known from history that during the reign of Tigran Yervanduni, a snake and a dragon / visap / were depicted on the Armenian banner. In the Sumerian pantheon, Ayia / Հայա / – the god of wisdom was also portrayed as a snake. Moses Khorenatsi calls the ancestors of the Armenians “վիշապազունք” /vishapazunq, i.e. the people of vishap/dragon.
The layout of the structure is open. The presence of a second light allows you to provide daylight for the basement and semi-basement floors. The complex has one main entrance at the level of 4,650 from Komitas Avenue, two additional entrances from the top of the park from 0,000, one pedestrian working entrance and parking for cars, and one entrance from the north, from the research high-rise buildings and two emergency exits on the right and the left sides of each building.
The structural solutions: The existing structure consists of a monolithic reinforced-concrete frame, the maximum span is 9800 mm, the minimum – 5800 mm.
The proposed design solutions are classified as hybrid, combined – that is, a reinforced concrete frame, active on the surface, which, both in shape and in vector, is an active long-span carrier system.
The parametric wide-span coating is supposed to be implemented as a mesh system active on the vector and on the surface, based on the metal spatial mesh shell. The system is planned to be implemented from lightweight aluminum composite profiles.
The dome is supposed to be implemented by the construction technologies known in modern parametric architecture. For its implementation, foreign colleagues will be invited.
Director: Doctor of Architecture Telemak Alberti Ananyan
The chief project architect: Doctor of Architecture Telemak Alberi Ananyan
Authors: Doctor of Architecture Telemak Alberti Ananyan, Hayk Babkeni Martirosyan
Architects: Hayk Babkeni Martirosyan, Armen Ashoti Yusisyan, Martina Giovani Rotilo
Parametric 3D modeling and graphics
Hayk Bakeni Martirosyan, Ver Hrachi Muradian