Bungalow in India
Address: Chennai, Republic of India Area: 333 Project year: 2018 Role Architecture and interior design PA Telemak ANANYAN Architects: Telemak ANANYAN, Anna BARSEGHYAN, Armen HYUSISYAN, Irina GHAZARYAN, Svetlana NAZARYAN STRUCTURAL ENGINEERS: Hrachya HARUTYUNYAN, Ashot GALSTYAN
GENERAL DATA STRUCTURAL AND ENGINEERING SOLUTIONS The house is leaning on four columns with big consoles all over the perimeter, which allows (with an optimal span of 7.8 m, consoles of 3.1 m, optimal beam thickness of 55 cm) to have over 227 m² of ventilated residential territory. The staircase to the second floor is positioned in the right corner of the square construction of the building, in order to achieve maximum efficiency by minimising the distance to rooms situated in each direction, thus eliminating the excessive length and quantity of corridors.
Load-bearing structure of the building is a monolithic reinforced concrete frame. Foundations: foundation type and its depth are defined in the project as a result of geotechnical studies; Exterior walls: foam block, monolithic concrete walls, facade marble slabs; Partitions: 100 mm and 150 mm foam blocks, bricks; Covering: monolithic reinforced concrete slabs; Stairs: reinforced concrete, half-pace; Roof: flat combined, with an internal drainage; Windows: aluminum frames with heat-resistant glass; Doors: Interior doors – wooden; entrance – glass/metal; Flooring: marble. Pillars: are under 100% load.
INSPIRATION Structural efficiency in nature Techtonics in architecture Optimisation and striving for maximum efficiency of the carrier or static systems and forms is common in nature. There are many examples where nature optimises shapes through its bearing system. Nature always optimises forms, urging for more sustainable systems and high efficiency
Creation of shade To escape the heat, it is necessary to prevent the sun’s rays from entering the house. Common systems are the slope of the roof and eaves, vegetation and awnings, umbrellas, curtains and blinds. In short, the aim is to avoid using air conditioning as it consumes energy. *Studying the breezes and the effect of the sun’s rays defined the position of this house. The built-in overhangs give shade in the summer. Cross ventilation If the area’s breezes and the position of windows, doors and balconies have been factored in, air currents can be taken advantage of to cool the house and avoid or reduce the use of air conditioning. A cool tower is another mechanism for cooling as it forces out hot air through openings in the upper part of the house.