The architectural and constructional solutions are elaborated for the following conditions:
Area, situated in a tropical climate.
December is the coldest month, with middle air temperature of +20.2°C. April is the hottest
month, with middle air temperature of +37.7°C. July is the wettest month with an average of
17 days of precipitation.
The lowest possible air temperature: +8.5°C.
The highest possible air temperature: +41.3°C.
Average velocity of wind is 6.7 m/s with middle air temperature of <28 С° throughout the
Essential Indicators of the project
Number of floors: 317
Construction site: 600m²
General area: 525 m²
Building volume: 990 m3
Durability of the building = X
Fire resistance degree of the building = X
Technical solutions adopted in the project comply with the environmental, sanitary, and fire regulation norms approved on the territory of the Republic of India; and ensure safe exploitation of the building in case of compliance with the activities envisaged by the project
and the rules of exploitation.
A two-story building with the shape of a cross, embedded into a square.
Volume-planning solutions are elaborated with consideration of the following factors:
• Area size and proportion
• Cardinal points and insolation issues
• Constructional layout of the building
• Fire safety norms
• Wind rose
The planning solutions are based on to the principles of passive solar architecture.
Concise appearance of the building is a reflection of the functional solution of the internal space and structural layout of the building, consisting of a framed single-stage structure with 3.3 meters long consoles. It is appropriate to mention the saving of time, as well as material and financial resources used in the creation of design forms. Rationality is strongly observed in the composition, taking into account the objective laws of its functional and artistic construction. This twofold building is detected merely through a systematic analysis of the form, which is the pinnacle of rational sound shaping. In this case, the expressive silhouette-elements and outline-elements of constructive-plastic compositions vividly contrast with one another. The extent of its complexity is determined firstly according to the strength and feasibility of the design, and secondly due to the artistic expression built on the basis of its form. This form entirely meets the principle of tectonics.
The offered concept has a very high efficiency. Thanks to the above mentioned principle, the house is leaning on four columns with big consoles all over the perimeter, which allows (with an optimal span of 7.8 m, consoles of 3.3 m, optimal beam thickness of X) to have over
2,700 m² of ventilated residential territory.
The staircase to the second floor is positioned in the middle of the square construction of the building, in order to achieve maximum efficiency by minimizing the distance to rooms situated in each direction, thus eliminating the excessive length and quantity of corridors.
Load-bearing structure of the building is a monolithic reinforced concrete frame.
Foundations: foundation type and its depth are defined in the project as a result of geotechnical
Exterior walls: foam block, monolithic concrete walls, facade marble slabs;
Partitions: 100 mm and 150 mm foam blocks, bricks;;
Covering: monolithic reinforced concrete slabs;
Stairs: reinforced concrete, half-pace;
Roof: flat combined, with an internal drainage;
Windows: aluminum frames with heat-resistant glass;
Doors: Interior doors – wooden; entrance – metal;
Environment friendly, non-flammable materials that do not emit harmful substances during construction process are used in the design. Packaging of the entire construction materials, as well as waste materials can be recycled or salvaged. The usage of local materials was aimed to reduce time loss and pollution due to transportation.